Health Science Report
English
Site Navigation



Research that helps:




Other Topics: HPV Man, HPV Picture, HPV Vaccine, HPV Genital Wart, HPV Prevention, Human Papilloma Virus Symptom, Human Papilloma Virus in Man, Stages of Cervical Dysplasia, Pap Smear Test, Genital Wart Picture

HSR Research > Pap smear result

Pap smear result

Sometimes it may be difficult to understand a Pap smear result for an ordinary person. Pap smear is aimed to evaluate cervical cells state and to reveal the presence of abnormal cell changes that may be suggestive of different problems. This test consists of scraping the cervical surface to get a sample of cells and microscopic examination of the obtained material. Different systems may be used for classification of Pap smear results.

Sometimes Pap smear is unsatisfactory for evaluation. This Pap smear result means that it is difficult to analyze the sample because not enough cells were taken or the cells are mixed with blood or for some other reasons. In this case it is recommended to repeat the Pap smear in a few months. A normal Pap smear result means it is negative for abnormalities. In this case there are no abnormal changes found during examination.

In some cases a Pap smear result indicates the presence of an inflammation or irritation caused by some viral or bacterial infection. Usually the Pap smear returns to normal after the problem is treated. If there were found some changed cells, but there is no disease obviously present, the Pap smear result is classified as ASCUS. It is difficult to clearly identify these cells as normal or abnormal. In this case it is recommended to repeat the Pap smear and if ASCUS persists, it may be necessary to undergo colposcopy.

An abnormal Pap smear result may be related to different problems: condyloma, cervical dysplasia or cancer. Women having such a Pap smear result are often referred to additional diagnostic procedures. It will help to determine the causes of abnormal cell changes.  If dysplasia is found, depending on its stage, the Pap smear result may be classified as LSIL (low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion) or HSIL (high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion). High-grade lesions are more likely to progress into cancer and often require a surgical removal.

Pap smear is one of the most effective tools to prevent cervical cancer and it helps to significantly decrease incidence and mortality rates of this disease. There are more chances to cure cervical lesions which can lead to cancer if they are detected early. Pap smear result helps the doctor to assess the risk for cervical cancer development and determine an appropriate management of patients with abnormal results.

Research Topics

Click a topic button

HPV
Cervical Dysplasia
Genital Warts
Plantar Warts
Genital Herpes
Oral Herpes
Other Conditions


Dr. Joe Glickman, Jr., M.D.

Copyright © 1996-2014 by Health Science Report™ for the following: English, French, Spanish, German, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional.